Animal Farm: Unraveling the Two Classes Shaping the Narrative

What Are The Two Classes On The Animal Farm

The two classes on Animal Farm are the ruling class of pigs, led by Napoleon, and the working class of other animals, striving for equality.

On the seemingly idyllic Animal Farm, two distinct classes emerge, setting the stage for a tale of power, corruption, and inequality. As the sun rises over the rolling hills and the animals awaken, a divided society comes to light. The first class, the ruling elite, is comprised of the cunning pigs who have taken charge of the farm’s administration. Their smooth-talking leader, Napoleon, exudes an air of authority that captivates his followers. Meanwhile, the second class, the exploited working class, consists of the hardworking and loyal animals who toil day and night to keep the farm running smoothly. This stark contrast between the privileged few and the oppressed many forms the basis of George Orwell’s allegorical masterpiece, Animal Farm.


Animal Farm, written by George Orwell, is a classic allegorical novella that satirizes the events leading up to the Russian Revolution and the early years of the Soviet Union. In this fable, the animals on Manor Farm overthrow their human oppressors and establish their own society based on the principle of equality. However, as time goes on, two distinct classes emerge among the animals – the ruling class and the working class. Let’s delve deeper into these two classes and their significance in the Animal Farm narrative.

The Ruling Class: Pigs


From the very beginning, the pigs take control of the revolution and assume leadership positions on the farm. Led by the intelligent and persuasive Old Major, they develop the ideology of Animalism, which becomes the basis for their authority. The pigs, notably Napoleon and Snowball, represent the ruling class in Animal Farm.

The pigs’ intelligence and ability to manipulate language sets them apart from the other animals. They create and enforce the rules, make decisions, and even alter history to suit their interests. Slowly but steadily, they begin to enjoy privileges and luxuries that were once reserved for humans, such as sleeping in beds and consuming alcohol. The pigs justify their superior status by claiming to be the brainworkers of the farm, implying that their leadership is essential for the success of all animals.

The Working Class: Other Animals


The working class on Animal Farm comprises all the other animals who toil and labor to maintain the farm’s operations. They are the backbone of the society, responsible for the actual manual work required to sustain the farm. These animals include horses, cows, chickens, sheep, and many others.

While the working class animals possess varying levels of intelligence, they lack the critical thinking skills and eloquence of the pigs. Despite being equal members of the revolution, they gradually become disenfranchised and oppressed by the ruling class. The pigs exploit their labor, reduce their rations, and impose stricter rules on them. The working class animals represent the majority of the population and symbolize the proletariat – the working class under a capitalist system.

Class Struggle and Symbolism


The division between the ruling and working classes in Animal Farm mirrors the social hierarchy that emerged during the Russian Revolution and subsequent Soviet regime. Orwell uses allegory to highlight the inherent flaws and corruption that can arise within any power structure, be it human or animal.

The pigs’ transformation from comrades to oppressors reflects the corruption of power and the dangers of unchecked authority. By symbolizing the ruling elite, the pigs expose the hypocrisy of their claims to equality and demonstrate how power can corrupt even the noblest intentions. The working class animals, on the other hand, represent the oppressed masses who are exploited by the ruling class.

The Impact of Class Division


As the division between the ruling and working classes deepens, inequality becomes more apparent on Animal Farm. The pigs monopolize resources, manipulate propaganda, and suppress any dissent through force and fear. They use their superior intellect to justify their exploitation of the other animals, creating a system that mirrors the social injustices prevalent in the human world.

The class division also leads to the deterioration of the original principles of Animalism. The pigs gradually rewrite the Seven Commandments, which originally embodied the spirit of equality and justice, to suit their own desires. The working class animals are left disillusioned and oppressed, their hopes for a fair society shattered.

The Importance of Recognizing Class Struggles


Animal Farm serves as a cautionary tale about the dangers of totalitarianism and the importance of recognizing and challenging class struggles. Orwell’s novella reminds us that power, when centralized and unchecked, often leads to corruption and the exploitation of the working class.

By portraying these classes through animal characters, Orwell makes his critique accessible to readers of all ages. Animal Farm serves as a powerful reminder that we must remain vigilant and actively participate in shaping our societies to prevent the consolidation of power and the perpetuation of inequality.

Ultimately, Animal Farm highlights the universal struggle for equality and justice and reminds us that the fight against oppression is an ongoing battle that requires constant vigilance and collective action.

On the idyllic Animal Farm, two distinct classes emerge, each with their own unique characteristics and roles within the society. At the top of the hierarchy lies the elite, an exceptionally privileged class of animals who wield power and influence over their fellow comrades. These individuals, primarily the pigs, hold the reins of authority and exploit their position for personal gain. Their cunning and ambition make them high flyers and cunning plotters, always scheming to maintain their dominance and control.

Contrasting the elite are the ordinary workers, the unsung heroes and backbone of animal society. These hardworking animals tirelessly toil day in and day out, dedicating themselves to the collective wellbeing of the farm. They are the working poor, underappreciated laborers with limited rights. Despite their invaluable contributions, they often go unrecognized and are subjected to harsh living conditions.

At the forefront of the ruling class are the corrupt pigs, who assume a power stance and manipulate the entire farm to serve their own interests. They exploit the ignorance and vulnerability of the other animals, using propaganda and deception to justify their actions. Through their cunning tactics, they maintain a tight grip on power, ensuring that their privileged status remains intact.

Among the masses, there are the sheepish followers, animals who exhibit blind loyalty and demonstrate the power of the masses. They mindlessly echo the sentiments and beliefs of their leaders, never questioning their authority. Their unquestioning obedience allows the elite to maintain control and perpetuate their own agenda.

While some animals blindly follow, others take a more noble stance. The horses, with their strength and steadfastness, become the defenders of animal rights. They stand as symbols of resistance and resilience, fighting to protect the interests of their fellow creatures. Their unwavering commitment to justice and equality makes them revered figures on the farm.

However, not all animals are treated with such respect and dignity. The disheartened hens, victims of cruelty and exploitation, suffer greatly under the oppressive regime. Their eggs are taken away from them, leaving them bereft and powerless. They represent the vulnerable individuals who bear the brunt of the ruling class’s greed and indifference.

Among the animals, the misunderstood donkeys stand out as resilient and wise souls. Despite their somber demeanor, they possess a deep understanding of the injustices perpetuated by the elite. Their resilience allows them to endure the hardships imposed upon them, and their wisdom serves as a guiding light for their fellow comrades.

No society would be complete without its faithful guardians and enforcers of law, and on Animal Farm, that role is fulfilled by the dedicated farm dog. These loyal canines serve as protectors and enforcers, ensuring that animal laws are upheld. Their unwavering dedication to the cause makes them indispensable members of the farm community.

In conclusion, Animal Farm presents a vivid portrayal of the two classes that exist within its society. The elite, represented by the corrupt pigs, exploit their power and influence for personal gain, while the ordinary workers, such as the hardworking horses and disheartened hens, endure the consequences of their rulers’ actions. Amidst the struggle for power, the sheepish followers mindlessly obey, and the resilient donkeys and dedicated farm dogs provide a glimmer of hope. This novel serves as a cautionary tale, reminding us of the dangers of unchecked power and the importance of remaining vigilant in the face of oppression.

Once upon a time, on the Animal Farm, there were two distinct classes that coexisted in a delicate balance of power and hierarchy. These classes were the ruling class, composed of the pigs, and the working class, which consisted of all the other animals on the farm.

The ruling class, led by the cunning and manipulative pig named Napoleon, held all the power and made decisions that shaped the destiny of the farm. They justified their dominance by claiming to be the most intelligent and capable animals, and therefore, deserving of special privileges. The pigs lived a life of luxury, residing in the farmhouse, sleeping in comfortable beds, and enjoying an abundance of food and resources.

On the other hand, the working class, comprised of industrious creatures such as horses, cows, and chickens, toiled endlessly to sustain the needs of the farm. They worked in the fields, harvested crops, and carried out various tasks to ensure the survival and prosperity of all. Despite their tireless efforts, they received meager portions of food, lived in simple shelters, and faced harsh living conditions.

From the point of view of the ruling class, the pigs believed they were superior beings who deserved the privileges bestowed upon them. They saw themselves as natural leaders, capable of making wise decisions for the greater good of the farm. In their minds, the working class was inferior, lacking the intelligence and sophistication necessary to govern themselves.

Conversely, from the perspective of the working class, they saw the pigs as oppressive rulers who exploited their labor and denied them their fair share. They felt oppressed and voiceless, unable to challenge the authority of the ruling class. The working class yearned for equality, fairness, and a system where their contributions were acknowledged and rewarded.

The two classes on the Animal Farm had fundamentally different experiences and perspectives. While the ruling class enjoyed a life of luxury and power, the working class struggled to survive under their leadership. This stark contrast in living conditions and opportunities created tension and conflict between the two groups.

Ultimately, the story of the Animal Farm serves as an allegory for the class struggle and power dynamics that exist within society. It highlights the importance of equality, justice, and the need to challenge oppressive systems that exploit and marginalize certain groups. Through the lens of the two classes on the Animal Farm, we are reminded of the inherent value and dignity of all living beings, regardless of their status or position.

Thank you for taking the time to visit our blog and delve into the intricacies of George Orwell’s classic novel, Animal Farm. Throughout this article, we have explored the central theme of social classes on the farm and how they manifest in the form of two distinct groups. As we conclude our discussion, let us reflect on the implications of these classes and the message Orwell intended to convey.

On the Animal Farm, the emergence of two classes becomes evident as the animals overthrow their human oppressors and establish their own system of governance. The first class comprises the pigs, led by the cunning and manipulative Napoleon. These pigs, representing the intellectual elite, seize power and gradually impose their authority over the other animals. With their superior intelligence, the pigs take control of decision-making, shaping the farm’s policies to benefit themselves at the expense of the working-class animals.

The second class consists of the rest of the animals, who form the working class. The hardworking horses, strong and loyal, perform the physically demanding tasks on the farm, while the sheep and chickens contribute in their own ways. However, despite their labor and dedication, the working-class animals are marginalized and exploited by the ruling pigs. They suffer from inequality, unequal distribution of resources, and limited access to education and decision-making processes. This stark division between the two classes demonstrates the oppressive nature of power dynamics and the dangers of allowing one class to dominate another.

In Animal Farm, Orwell uses this allegory to criticize the corrupting influence of power and the potential for totalitarianism to emerge even within a seemingly egalitarian society. By depicting the pigs’ gradual transformation into human-like figures, Orwell warns against the dangers of leaders who prioritize their own self-interests above the well-being of the collective. Furthermore, he highlights how the ruling class utilizes propaganda and manipulation to maintain control, often at the expense of truth and justice.

As we conclude this exploration of the two classes on the Animal Farm, it is essential to remember the lessons imparted by Orwell’s masterpiece. The story serves as a cautionary tale, reminding us of the importance of remaining vigilant against abuses of power and the erosion of democratic values. It compels us to question authority, demand transparency, and strive for a society where all individuals are treated with fairness and equality.

We hope that this article has provided you with valuable insights into the underlying themes and messages within Animal Farm. We encourage you to continue exploring Orwell’s works and engaging in discussions that challenge power structures and promote social justice. Together, let us work towards a world where no farm is ever dominated by a ruling class, and every animal can live freely and harmoniously.


People also ask about What Are The Two Classes on the Animal Farm?:

  1. Who are the two classes on the Animal Farm?

    On the Animal Farm, the two main classes are the ruling class and the working class.

  2. What characterizes the ruling class on the Animal Farm?

    The ruling class on the Animal Farm is characterized by the pigs, led by Napoleon. They hold all the power and make the decisions for the farm. They are intelligent, manipulative, and exploit the other animals for their own benefit.

  3. What characterizes the working class on the Animal Farm?

    The working class on the Animal Farm consists of all the other animals, such as the horses, cows, and sheep. They are responsible for the physical labor and production on the farm. They are portrayed as hardworking, loyal, and easily manipulated by the ruling class.

  4. How do the two classes interact on the Animal Farm?

    The ruling class maintains control over the working class through propaganda, manipulation, and force. They exploit the labor of the working class to benefit themselves, while giving the illusion of equality and fairness. The working class follows the orders of the ruling class due to a combination of fear, ignorance, and the promise of a better future.

  5. What is the significance of the two classes on the Animal Farm?

    The two classes on the Animal Farm represent the power dynamics and social hierarchy that exist in many societies. They highlight the dangers of unchecked authority and the potential for oppression and inequality. The novel serves as a critique of totalitarianism and a warning against the abuse of power.

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