The Three Key Pigs in Animal Farm: Unraveling Their Significance and Role

What Are The Three Main Pigs In Animal Farm

The three main pigs in Animal Farm are Napoleon, Snowball, and Squealer, who manipulate and exploit the other animals for their own gain.

Animal Farm, George Orwell’s allegorical masterpiece, transports readers into a dystopian world ruled by three main pigs – Napoleon, Snowball, and Squealer. As the story unfolds, these cunning and manipulative characters take center stage, captivating readers with their captivating antics and power-hungry schemes. With their unique personalities and distinct roles on the farm, each pig brings a different flavor to the narrative, making Animal Farm a riveting tale that delves into themes of corruption, power, and the manipulation of language.


In George Orwell’s political allegory, Animal Farm, three main characters emerge as the driving forces behind the revolution of the farm animals against their human oppressors. These three pigs, Old Major, Snowball, and Napoleon, play crucial roles in shaping the destiny of Animal Farm. Each possessing distinct personalities, motivations, and leadership styles, they represent different aspects of political power and the potential for corruption. Let us delve into the lives of these influential pigs and explore how they shape the course of the story.


The Visionary: Old Major

Old Major, a wise and respected boar, serves as the catalyst for change on Animal Farm. He gathers all the animals together one night to share his vision of a world where animals are free from human exploitation. Old Major represents Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin, the intellectual inspirations behind the Russian Revolution. Just like Marx and Lenin, Old Major’s ideas lay the foundation for Animalism, the ideology that drives the animals’ rebellion against their human masters. Although he passes away before witnessing the revolution, his teachings continue to guide the animals.


The Idealist: Snowball

Snowball, an intelligent and eloquent pig, becomes one of the most active leaders after the successful revolution. His character parallels Leon Trotsky, a key figure in the Russian Revolution. Snowball is known for his grand plans to improve the farm, such as building a windmill to provide power and improve living conditions. He is an idealist, driven by the belief in the equal rights of all animals and the pursuit of a utopian society. Snowball’s eloquence and persuasive abilities make him a popular leader among the animals.


The Opportunist: Napoleon

Napoleon, a large and fierce Berkshire boar, represents Joseph Stalin, the dictator who rose to power after the Russian Revolution. Unlike Snowball, Napoleon is more concerned with consolidating his own power than pursuing the ideals of Animalism. He is cunning, manipulative, and uses force and fear to control the other animals. Gradually, Napoleon turns Animal Farm into a totalitarian regime, resembling the oppressive human rule they initially rebelled against. He symbolizes the corruption of power and the dangers of absolute authority.


The Power Struggle

The power struggle between Snowball and Napoleon becomes a central conflict in Animal Farm. Snowball’s progressive ideas clash with Napoleon’s desire for control, leading to their fierce rivalry. This struggle culminates in Napoleon’s expulsion of Snowball from the farm, effectively eliminating any opposition to his rule. The pigs’ manipulation of information and rewriting of history further solidify Napoleon’s position as the supreme leader. The power dynamic between these two pigs demonstrates the fragility of revolutionary ideals and the ease with which they can be corrupted.

Propaganda and Control

Under Napoleon’s leadership, propaganda becomes a powerful tool for maintaining control over the other animals. He uses Squealer, a persuasive pig, as his mouthpiece to distort information and manipulate the truth. Through propaganda, Napoleon convinces the animals that their lives are improving despite evidence to the contrary. This distortion of reality allows him to maintain his hold on power and suppress any dissenting voices. The use of propaganda highlights the danger of misinformation in shaping public opinion and maintaining authoritarian control.

The Transformation of Animal Farm

As time progresses, the once-idealistic Animal Farm transforms into a dictatorship reminiscent of the humans’ rule. The pigs, led by Napoleon, gradually adopt human behaviors and privileges, contradicting the principles they fought for in the revolution. They exploit the labor of the other animals, engage in trade with humans, and even forge alliances with neighboring farms. This transformation reveals the corrupting influence of power and the inherent risks of revolution without constant vigilance.

The Tragic Outcome

The tragic outcome of Animal Farm mirrors the disillusionment and betrayal experienced by the Russian people after the revolution. The animals, who initially fought for freedom and equality, find themselves under an oppressive regime worse than their previous human masters. The final scene, where the pigs and humans share a feast while the other animals watch in despair, symbolizes the ultimate betrayal of the revolution’s ideals. It serves as a warning about the potential consequences of blindly placing trust in charismatic leaders without questioning their motives.

The Message

Through the characters of Old Major, Snowball, and Napoleon, George Orwell explores the complexities of political power, idealism, and corruption. Animal Farm serves as a cautionary tale about the dangers of totalitarianism and the erosion of revolutionary principles. Orwell’s timeless message reminds us of the importance of remaining vigilant, questioning authority, and fighting against the abuse of power in any society.


Animal Farm, George Orwell’s timeless allegorical tale, introduces readers to a cast of unforgettable characters. Among them, three pigs emerge as the central figures who shape the destiny of the farm and its inhabitants. These pigs, Napoleon, Snowball, and Squealer, wield power and influence in distinct ways, leaving an indelible mark on the farm’s history. Let us delve into the lives of these notorious pigs and uncover the complexities of their roles in the animal revolution.

The Notorious Napoleon: The Pig Who Rose to Power

At the heart of Animal Farm lies the enigmatic figure of Napoleon, a pig whose ambition knows no bounds. From the outset, Napoleon exhibits cunning and manipulative tendencies, enabling him to swiftly rise to power. Through his questionable tactics and unwavering determination, he usurps control from his comrade, Snowball, and establishes himself as the farm’s supreme leader.

Napoleon’s reign is characterized by his ability to exploit the animals’ trust and manipulate their loyalty for his own gain. He gradually consolidates power, using fear and violence to maintain his authority. Under his rule, the principles of Animalism are twisted, and the dreams of equality and freedom are slowly eroded.

Snowball: The Intellectual Piggy with Revolutionary Ideas

Opposite to Napoleon stands Snowball, a brilliant and idealistic pig who initially collaborates with him to liberate the animals from human oppression. Snowball is driven by revolutionary ideas and a vision for a utopian society on the farm. His intelligence and eloquence make him a revered figure among the animals, and he becomes instrumental in shaping the early days of Animal Farm.

However, Snowball’s downfall is tragically inevitable. As Napoleon’s power grows, he orchestrates a campaign to discredit Snowball and ultimately drives him out of the farm. Despite his exile, Snowball’s legacy lives on as a symbol of hope and resistance against tyranny.

Squealer: The Persuasive Pig Who Spreads Propaganda

In Napoleon’s inner circle stands Squealer, a pig with a silver tongue and the ability to manipulate language to serve his leader’s interests. Squealer becomes Napoleon’s chief propagandist, spreading falsehoods and distorting the truth to maintain the façade of a prosperous and equal farm.

Through his persuasive rhetoric, Squealer convinces the animals that their sacrifices are necessary for the greater good. He justifies Napoleon’s actions, no matter how egregious, and instills fear and loyalty in the hearts of the animals. Squealer’s role highlights the power of propaganda and the dangers of blind obedience in the face of manipulation.

Old Major: The Visionary Pig Who Ignites the Revolution

Before the rise of Napoleon, there was Old Major, a wise and visionary pig whose stirring speech ignites the animals’ revolt against their human oppressors. Old Major’s ideals of equality and freedom form the foundation of Animalism, inspiring the animals to envision a future where they are no longer subjected to human exploitation.

Although Old Major does not live to witness the revolution he sparked, his legacy lives on in the hearts of the animals. His speech serves as a catalyst for change and a reminder of the principles that were once held dear on the Animal Farm.

Boxer: The Diligent Pig with Unwavering Loyalty

Among the hardworking animals on the farm, Boxer, the diligent pig, stands out with his unwavering loyalty to the cause. Boxer embodies the spirit of the revolution, tirelessly working to build a better future for all. His strength and dedication inspire his fellow animals and earn him admiration throughout the farm.

However, Boxer’s loyalty becomes his tragic flaw. Despite his tireless efforts, he falls victim to Napoleon’s manipulation and is ultimately betrayed. Boxer’s heart-wrenching fate serves as a cautionary tale of blind allegiance and the sacrifices made by those who trust in false promises.

Benjamin: The Skeptical Pig with Hidden Wisdom

On the periphery of the farm’s events, Benjamin, the skeptical pig, observes the unfolding chaos with a sense of resignation. He possesses a hidden wisdom that allows him to see through the façade of equality and recognize the true nature of power on the farm.

While Benjamin’s stoic nature prevents him from actively participating in the revolution, his presence serves as a reminder of the harsh realities of life. He offers a unique perspective on the events, challenging the animals to question their leaders and the system they have created.

Mollie: The Vain Pig Who Pines for a Life of Luxury

Amidst the turmoil on the farm, Mollie, the vain and self-indulgent pig, pines for a life of luxury and comfort. She becomes increasingly detached from the principles of Animalism, showing little concern for the welfare of her fellow animals.

Mollie’s eventual betrayal and departure from the farm represent the dangers of succumbing to personal desires at the expense of collective well-being. Her character serves as a cautionary tale against selfishness and the allure of material possessions.

Moses: The Religious Pig Who Offers Hope and Diversion

Among the animals, Moses, the peculiar religious pig, offers hope and diversion from their harsh reality. He preaches about Sugarcandy Mountain, an idyllic afterlife for animals where they will find eternal happiness. Moses’ teachings serve as a distraction from the hardships of their daily lives and provide solace amidst their struggles.

While Moses’ motives may be questioned, his presence highlights the power of religion and ideology to influence the masses. His role in diverting the animals’ attention from the oppressive regime underscores the importance of critical thinking and discernment in times of political upheaval.

Minimus: The Poetic Pig Who Sings Napoleon’s Praises

Within Napoleon’s regime, Minimus, the poetic pig, assumes the role of glorifying the leader through impassioned songs and verses. His artistic talent is utilized to build a cult of personality around Napoleon, further cementing the atmosphere of fear and blind loyalty on the farm.

Minimus’ character sheds light on the manipulative tactics employed by dictators to control public perception. Through his art, he aids in the perpetuation of Napoleon’s reign, reminding the animals of their supposed prosperity while suppressing any dissenting voices.

The Three Main Pigs’ Ultimate Legacy

Napoleon, Snowball, and Squealer collectively shape the destiny of Animal Farm, leaving behind a legacy that reverberates throughout the story. Their actions demonstrate the dangers of unchecked power, the manipulation of language, and the erosion of idealism in the face of oppression.

George Orwell’s allegorical tale serves as a cautionary reminder of the corrupting nature of power and the importance of remaining vigilant in the face of tyranny. The three main pigs personify the complexities of leadership and the moral dilemmas faced by those who strive for change.

As readers reflect on the ultimate legacy of these pigs, they are compelled to question their own society and the systems that govern it. Orwell’s timeless message resonates, urging individuals to guard against the erosion of truth, to challenge authority, and to remain steadfast in the pursuit of justice and equality.

Once upon a time, on a picturesque farm called Animal Farm, there lived three extraordinary pigs who would forever change the fate of their fellow animals. These pigs were none other than Snowball, Napoleon, and Squealer. Each had their unique qualities and played a pivotal role in the unfolding events that took place on the farm.

1. Snowball:

  • Snowball was a visionary pig with a heart full of idealism. He believed in creating a utopian society where all animals could live harmoniously and enjoy the fruits of their labor.
  • With his quick wit and eloquence, Snowball became the voice of hope for the animals, always presenting innovative ideas to improve their lives.
  • He was the driving force behind constructing a windmill on the farm, which he believed would provide electricity and make their lives easier. Snowball’s passion for education also led him to establish committees for the animals to learn how to read and write.

2. Napoleon:

  • Napoleon, on the other hand, possessed a cunning and manipulative nature. He was power-hungry and desired total control over Animal Farm.
  • While Snowball shared his visions through persuasive speeches, Napoleon preferred to quietly scheme and plot, gaining the loyalty of the other animals through fear and intimidation.
  • Over time, he successfully wrested power from Snowball and established himself as the farm’s supreme leader. Napoleon changed the Seven Commandments to suit his own interests and lived a life of luxury while the other animals toiled away.

3. Squealer:

  • Squealer, the third pig, was known for his impeccable ability to manipulate language. He acted as Napoleon’s mouthpiece and propagandist, using his persuasive skills to justify Napoleon’s actions and maintain control over the animals.
  • Squealer was a master of doublethink, skillfully twisting the truth to make it appear that Napoleon’s decisions were always in the animals’ best interest. His silver tongue convinced many animals to accept their worsening living conditions and subjugation.
  • Although Squealer’s actions were deceptive, he firmly believed that he was helping the farm and the animals by supporting Napoleon’s regime.

From different perspectives, these three main pigs in Animal Farm represented the struggle for power, the pursuit of ideals, and the corrupting influence of propaganda. Snowball fought for equality and progress, while Napoleon symbolized the dangers of unchecked authority. Squealer embodied the power of manipulation and the ability to distort reality.

In this allegorical tale, George Orwell used these characters to critique the Soviet Union and explore themes of totalitarianism, corruption, and the abuse of power. Through the actions and viewpoints of Snowball, Napoleon, and Squealer, Animal Farm serves as a cautionary tale about the potential consequences of political upheaval and the importance of remaining vigilant against oppressive regimes.

Thank you for joining me on this journey through the captivating world of George Orwell’s Animal Farm. Today, we delved into the intriguing characters that shape this allegorical tale, focusing specifically on the three main pigs who play pivotal roles in the story. As we bid adieu, let’s reflect on the significance of these characters and the lessons they teach us.

Firstly, we meet Old Major, a wise and respected boar who serves as the catalyst for the animals’ uprising against their human oppressors. His dream of a world where animals are free from the tyranny of humans ignites a flame within the hearts of his fellow farm animals. Old Major embodies the spirit of revolution, inspiring hope and unity amongst his comrades. His eloquent speech, delivered with passion and conviction, stirs the animals to action, setting the stage for the rebellion that will follow. Although Old Major’s time in the story is short-lived, his legacy resonates throughout the novel, reminding us of the transformative power of ideas and the importance of fighting for a just cause.

The second pig we encounter is Napoleon, a character whose name has become synonymous with power-hungry leaders throughout history. Napoleon starts off as one of the leaders of the rebellion, but his hunger for control gradually corrupts him. He represents the darker side of human nature, showcasing the dangers of unchecked authority. Through cunning manipulation and the establishment of a totalitarian regime, Napoleon effectively transforms Animal Farm into a dictatorship. His greed and thirst for power lead him to betray the very principles the animals fought for, creating a chilling cautionary tale about the abuse of power. Napoleon’s character serves as a reminder to remain vigilant and question those who seek to manipulate and control us.

Finally, we encounter Snowball, who initially shares the vision of a utopian society with Old Major. Snowball is portrayed as an intelligent and charismatic pig, with a knack for strategic planning. He spearheads the construction of the windmill, symbolizing progress and a better future for the animals. However, as the story progresses, Snowball becomes the target of Napoleon’s propaganda campaign. He is eventually exiled from the farm, becoming a scapegoat for all the problems that arise. Snowball’s character represents the dangers of scapegoating and the suppression of dissenting voices. His fate serves as a reminder of the importance of critical thinking and the need to question the motives behind the narratives we are presented.

As we bid farewell to Animal Farm, it is crucial to carry with us the lessons learned from these three main pigs. Old Major reminds us to fight for what we believe in, Napoleon warns us of the abuse of power, and Snowball cautions against the dangers of blind conformity. Animal Farm serves as a timeless tale that continues to resonate, urging us to be vigilant and stand up against injustice. So, let us not forget the spirit of rebellion that resides within us and the power we possess to create a more just and equitable world.

Thank you once again for joining me on this exploration of Animal Farm’s main pigs. May their stories continue to inspire and guide us in our own pursuit of a fairer society.


Here are some common questions that people ask about the three main pigs in Animal Farm:

  1. Who are the three main pigs in Animal Farm?

    The three main pigs in Animal Farm are Napoleon, Snowball, and Squealer.

  2. What role does Napoleon play in Animal Farm?

    Napoleon is one of the main characters and serves as the primary leader of the farm. He takes control after the rebellion against Mr. Jones and gradually becomes a dictator, using his intelligence and manipulation to gain power.

  3. How does Snowball contribute to the events in Animal Farm?

    Snowball is initially a leader alongside Napoleon, advocating for the principles of Animalism and working towards the betterment of all animals on the farm. However, he eventually becomes a target of Napoleon’s propaganda campaign and is forced to flee the farm.

  4. What role does Squealer play in Animal Farm?

    Squealer serves as Napoleon’s right-hand pig and propagandist. He is responsible for spreading lies and misinformation to manipulate the other animals into supporting Napoleon’s regime. Squealer is skilled at twisting words and justifying the pigs’ actions, convincing the animals that their oppression is for their own good.

  5. Are the three main pigs based on real historical figures?

    No, the three main pigs in Animal Farm are fictional characters created by George Orwell. However, they symbolize different political figures and concepts during the time of the Russian Revolution and subsequent Soviet Union.

These questions shed light on the crucial roles played by Napoleon, Snowball, and Squealer in the events of Animal Farm, highlighting their significance in George Orwell’s allegorical tale.

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